Types of Neurosurgeon Specialties

9 February 2018 / By Admin
Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery
Many common neurological conditions, such as aneurysms and stroke, are caused by problems within the brain's circulatory system. Cerebrovascular surgery is the sub-specialty that focuses on preventing and correcting these conditions. Some procedures are performed using traditional open surgical methods, while other procedures are performed with miniature instruments to repair veins from within. Skull base neurosurgeons work together with otolaryngologists, oncologists and plastic surgeons to remove once-inoperable tumors from the sinus cavities and other inaccessible areas. The neurosurgeon's expertise is largely cardiovascular, managing the surgery to avoid damaging the complex network of blood vessels in the area.

Neuro-Trauma and Neurological Critical Care
The skull and spine provide protection for nerves of the brain and spinal cord. However, accidents and acts of violence can still cause traumatic injuries that threaten the patient's ability to survive and function. Neuro-trauma surgeons work with these patients, attempting to minimize damage to the nervous system and create the greatest possible likelihood of returning to normal life. Critical care neurosurgery also deals with patients in crisis. In these cases, patients are threatened by major strokes, acute illnesses and other catastrophic neurological conditions. This often includes palliative care for patients whose condition is irreversible, but can be made more tolerable by surgical intervention.

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